J Calvin Coolidge

John Calvin Coolidge was born on the 4th of July 1872 in Plymouth Notch, Vermont.  Although he was named after his father, from early childhood, he was addressed by his middle name, Calvin.  His father had many occupations: from prosperous farmer, storekeeper, and public servant.  He also held several offices:  justice of the peace, tax collector, and Vermont House of Representatives, and Vermont Senate.

Calvin attended Black River and St. Johnbury Academies, before enrolling at Amherst College.  After graduation he moved to Northampton, Massachusetts to become a lawyer. To avoid the cost of law school, he apprenticed with a local law firm, Hammond & Field.   He opened a law practice in Northampton in 1898.  He practiced commercial law.  His hard-working and diligent reputation assisted him in having local businesses and local banks retain his services.   He became a Republican lawyer and he worked his way up of Massachusetts state politics, eventually becoming governor of Massachusetts.

Coolidge became very active in local politics and in 1896, he campaigned for Republican candidate, William McKinley, and the following year he was selected to be a member of the Republican City Committee.  In 1898, he won election to the Northampton City Council, placing second in a ward where the top three candidates were elected.  The position offered no salary but provided Coolidge invaluable political experience.   In 1899, he declined re-nomination, running instead for City Solicitor, a position elected by the City Council. He was elected for a one-year term in 1900, and reelected in 1901.  He also became the Clerk of Courts because the Clerk of Courts died.

In 1906, Coolidge was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives.  He was known as a Progressive Republican voting for women’s suffrage and direct election of senators.  In 1907 he continued in the House for a second term.  After that term, he returned home and ran for mayor of Northampton in 1910 and 1911.  In 1911 he ran for State Senator of Hampshire County.  His success as a State Senator led him to the Lieutenant Governor’s and Governor’s positions (1916-1921).

He was a quiet, retiring gentleman from New England who held the presidency at a time when the nation was experiencing one of its most exciting and history-making periods.  Coolidge received word in the pre-dawn hours of August 2, 1923 that he had won the presidency as President Warren G. Harding had just died.  John Calvin Coolidge became the 30th President of the United States.  President Calvin’s term of office was August 2, 1923 through March 4, 1929.  Faced with restoring the dignity to the presidency and order to the country, Coolidge delivered his first address to the 1923 Congress, declaring that the frugality in government spending was the only way to curb national waste and stimulate capital incentive.

Elected in his own right in 1924, he gained a reputation as a small-government conservative and also as a man who said very little and had a rather dry sense of humor.  Coolidge restored public confidence in the White House after the scandals of his predecessor’s administration, and left office with considerable popularity.  He is praised by advocates of smaller government and laissez-faire economics, while supporters of an active central government generally view him less favorably, although most praise his stalwart support of racial equality.

During Coolidge’s presidency the U.S. experienced a period of rapid economic growth known as the “Roaring Twenties”.  He left Herbert Hoover, Secretary of Commerce, in charge of industrial policy, who promoted business efficiency and developed airlines and radio.  Coolidge supported wages and hours legislation, opposed child labor, imposed economic controls during WWI, favored safety measures in factories, and worker representation on corporate boards.

Coolidge adopted taxation policies of his Secretary of State, Andrew Mellon, who advocated scientific taxation, the notion that lowering taxes will increase, not decrease, government receipts.  Congress agreed and taxes were reduced.  During his term, the Revenue Acts of 1924 was passed which reduced income tax rates, eliminated all income taxation for some two million people. He also reduced overall federal debt by passing Revenue Acts of 1926 and 1928.

Coolidge was neither well versed in nor very interested in world affairs. His focus was directed mainly at American business, especially pertaining to trade, and “Maintaining the Status Quo”.  Although not an isolationist, he was reluctant to enter into foreign alliances. While Coolidge believed strongly in a non-interventionist foreign policy, he did believe that America was exceptional.

In the summer of 1927, Coolidge vacationed in the Black Hills of South Dakota, where he engaged in horseback riding, fly fishing and attended rodeos. He made Custer State Park his summer White House. While on vacation, Coolidge surprisingly issued a statement that he would not seek a second full term as president: “I do not choose to run for President in 1928″.  If I take another term, I will be in the White House till 1933 … Ten years in Washington is longer than any other man has had it—too long!”

In his memoirs, Coolidge explained his decision not to run: “The Presidential office takes a heavy toll of those who occupy it and those who are dear to them. While we should not refuse to spend and be spent in the service of our country, it is hazardous to attempt what we feel is beyond our strength to accomplish”.   After leaving office, he and his wife, Grace, returned to Northampton, where he wrote his memoirs. The Republicans retained the White House in 1928 with a landslide by Herbert Hoover.

Three things you may not know about President Coolidge:


1) Calvin Coolidge was the only President born on July 4.
2) His middle name was chosen in honor of John Calvin, who was considered a founder of the Congregational Church in which Coolidge was raised and remained throughout his life.
3) Coolidge has several nicknames: Cautious Cal, Cool Cal, Silent Cal, The Sphinx of the Potomac


Donald J. Trump

Donald John Trump was born on June 14, 1946 and was the 45th President.  Before entering politics, he was a businessman and television personality.  He was born and raised in Queens, New York.  He attended Fordham University for two years and University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School of Finance and Commerce where he graduated with a bachelor’s degree in Economics.  Upon his graduation Trump began working full-time for his father’s business, helping to manage its holdings of rental housing.  By 1974 he was president of a conglomeration of Trump-owned corporations and partnerships, which he later named the Trump Organization.  President Trump has been married to his wife, Melania, for 15 years, and they are parents to their son, Barron. Mr. Trump also has four adult children, Don Jr., Ivanka, Eric, and Tiffany, as well as 10 grandchildren.

In June 2015 Trump announced that he would be a candidate in the U.S. 2016 Presidential Election; defeating 17 other contenders during the Republican primaries. Pledging to “Make America Great Again,” he promised to create millions of new jobs; to punish American companies that exported jobs overseas; to repeal Obama’s signature legislative achievement, the Affordable Care Act (ACA); to revive the U.S. Coal Industry; to drastically reduce the influence of lobbyists in Washington, D.C. (“Drain the Swamp”); to withdraw the United States from the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change; to impose tariffs on countries that allegedly engaged in trade practices that were unfair to the United States; to construct a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border to prevent illegal immigration from Latin America; and to prevent immigration from several Muslim countries.

On November 8, 2016, Mr. Trump was elected President in the largest Electoral College landslide for a Republican in 28 years. Mr. Trump won more than 2,600 counties nationwide, the most since President Ronald Reagan in 1984. He received the votes of more than 62 million Americans, the most ever for a Republican candidate.

Upon taking office, Trump issued a series of executive orders designed to fulfill some of his campaign promises.  His first order, signed on his first day as president, directed that all “unwarranted economic and regulatory burdens” imposed by the ACA should be minimized pending the “prompt repeal” of that law. Five days later he directed the secretary of the Department of Homeland Security to begin planning for the construction of a wall along the country’s southern border. An executive order on ethics imposed a five-year ban on “lobbying activities” by former executive branch employees but weakened or removed some lobbying restrictions imposed by the Obama administration.

For those that believe that Trump was an “only America” President, please review the information contained within the buttons below and what will be found, is a President who not only brought goodness to America but also assisted the World-wide economy and foreign relations more than previous presidents of either party.  His presidency can be described as “Promises Made, Promises Kept”.  The list of promises and much more came to fruition during his presidency. His main 10 areas of importance were:  Economy & Jobs, China, Trade, Foreign Policy, The Judiciary, Border Security/Immigration, National Security & Defense/Military, Deregulation, Energy/Environment and Life, Family and Religious Freedoms.  Please click on the tabs below to review each of the 10 areas.

Economy and Jobs From 2017-2019, President Trump helped America build its strongest economy in history. Median household incomes rose to their highest level ever in 2019, while the poverty rate hit an all-time low. Under the Trump Administration, more Americans were employed than ever before—160 million—and the unemployment rate fell to a 50-year low to 3.7%; it inched up in December 2018 to 3.9%.  The economy added more than 4.8 million jobs in Trump’s first two years.  The unemployment rates for African-Americans, Hispanic-Americans, and Americans without a high-school diploma all hit record lows, while the Trump “Blue-Collar Boom” saw wages grow faster for workers than for managers or supervisors. The Tax Cuts & Job Act was signed in law in December 2017; this cut the average American business tax burden more than half.  Manufacturers’’ optimism in 2018 reached an all-time high; the manufacturing industry posted net job gains of 284,000 in 2018, its best year since 1997.  The Stock markets set record after record during his 4 year term.  Under Trump’s administration, the United States became the world’s leading crude oil producer, surpassing Russia and Saudi Arabia. In November 2017, the U.S. oil production broke a record set in 1970.  Along with the U.S. Economy records, the U.S. GDP hit 3 percent growth target in the second quarter of 2017 and in second and third quarters of 2018.  Especially in 2018, the economy had blockbuster growth surging to 4.2 percent in the second quarter; and the economy surged in the third quarter at a 3.4 percent annual.  Tax Reform Benefits, the Rise in Middle-Class Income, creation of Opportunity Zones, and 2 million Americans off on Food Stamps.

After COVID-19 forced a temporary economic shutdown, President Trump signed the largest relief package in American history to protect workers and families from economic devastation. To vanquish the COVID-19 global pandemic, President Trump launched the greatest national mobilization since World War II. The Trump Administration enacted the largest package of financial relief in American history, created the most advanced testing system in the world, developed effective medical treatments to save millions of lives, and launched Operation Warp Speed to deliver a vaccine in record time and defeat the Virus.  In fact, three vaccines were developed:  Pfizer, Moderna and Johnson & Johnson.  Under President Trump’s leadership, the American economy surged back to life within months, seeing record growth and job gains.  

China The President sought to change the relationship between the United States and China.  The Trump administration scrutinized Chinese investments in the U.S., fighting Intellectual Property theft, challenging unfair trade practices, and adopting a policy of strategic competition.  In December 2017, the Trump administration unveiled a new national security strategy that named China and Russia as the United States’ main adversaries.  This move set the tone for 2018, when Trump began to tackle long-standing issues plaguing the United States’ relations with China.  Under Trump’s administration:

    • Trump blocked major Chinese deals to acquire U.S. tech firms. In August 2018, Congress passed a bill that strengthened the Committee on Foreign Investment in the US.
    • Vice President Pence gave a definitive speech at the Hudson Institute in October 2019. The message was that the United States would no longer simply stand by; a different approach to its China policy will have to be one of strategic competition.
    • Trump administration began a tactical offensive to counter China’s state-sponsored Intellectual Property theft. Trump’s administration also, put pressure at the World Trade Organization (WTO).  (A 2019 report by the Economic Policy Institute found that 3.4 million U.S. jobs have been lost since China’s ascension to the WTO, nearly three-quarters of which were manufacturing).
    • Trump imposed trade tariffs on China for its intellectual property theft. March 2018, Trump signed a memorandum to apply tariffs on $50 billion worth of Chinese imports (targeted electronic goods).  By Dec 2018 Trump negotiated a 90-day truce to come to a compromise. This truce was agreed at the G20 Summit in Buenos Aires.  After the G20, Sarah Sanders issued a statement as Trump was on his way back to Washington.  The statement listed concessions the Chinese president was said have made, including stopping Chinese exports to the US of fentanyl, a synthetic opioid, and the death sentence for convicted traffickers.

Trade Immediately as Trump took office, he withdrew from the job-killing Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP).  Trump also made waves as he overhauled the 24 year-old North American Free Trade (NAFTA) and replaced it with the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), which promoted production and jobs in the United States.  He also imposed Tariffs on Chinese goods which persuaded Chinese leader Xi Jinping to sit down with him to address Washington’s concerns.

In addition, in 2017 he ended our dependency on imported steel and aluminum and launched Section 232 investigation.  As a result, Trump signed orders imposing a 25% tariff on imported steel and a 10% on imported aluminum in 2018.  In July 2018, the Trump administration reached a new deal with the European Union (EU), declaring a “new phase” in relations.  Trump and the EU President, Jean-Claude Juncker agreed in a joint statement to “work together towards zero tariffs, zero non-tariff barriers, and zero subsidies on non-auto industrial goods”.  For the first time, both sides reached an understanding to cooperate against unfair trade practices, and reform the WTO.  The EU has continued to buy, as promised, soybeans and liquefied natural gas from the U.S.; however, the EU has never included U.S. agriculture in future negotiations.  This continued to be a sticking point between Washington and Brussels for the remainder of Trump’s 4 year term.

Foreign Policy During his term, President Trump restored America’s leadership in the world and successfully negotiated to ensure our allies pay their fair share for our military protection, this included:

  • Securing a $400 billion increase in defense spending from The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) allies by 2024, as the number of members meeting their minimum financial obligations more than doubled
  • Working to reform and streamline the United Nations (UN) and reducing spending by $1.3 billion; Allies, including Japan and the Republic of Korea, committed to increasing burden-sharing
  • Protecting our Second Amendment rights by announcing that the United States will never ratify the UN Arms Trade Treaty
Trump also returned 56 hostages and detainees from more than 24 counties.  He also worked to advance a free and open Indo-Pacific region, promoting new investments and expanding American partnerships.  Trump also advanced peace through strength by withdrawing from the one-sided Iran Nuclear Deal and imposing sanctions on the Iranian regime; and Trump administration conducted vigorous enforcement on all sanctions to bring Iran’s soil exports to zero.   He met with Kim Jong-un, North Korea/Supreme leader; Trump was the first president to cross the demilitarized zone (DMZ).  The Trump administration maintained maximum pressure and enforced sanctions on North Korea while negotiating denuclearization, the release of American hostages, and the return of the remains of American heroes.

Trump also brokered economic normalization between Serbia and Kosovo, bolstering peace in the Balkans.  He signed the Hong Kong Autonomy Act and ended the United States’ preferential treatment with Hong Kong to hold China accountable for its infringement on the autonomy of Hong Kong. He also led allied efforts to defeat the Chinese Communist Party’s efforts to control the international telecommunications system

Trump was instrumental in renewing our cherished friendship and alliance with Israel and took historic action to promote peace in the Middle East by:
  • Recognizing Jerusalem as the true capital of Israel and quickly moved the American Embassy in Israel to Jerusalem
  • Acknowledging Israel’s sovereignty over the Golan Heights and declared that Israeli settlements in the West Bank are not inconsistent with international law
  • Removing the United States from the United Nations Human Rights Council due to the group’s blatant anti-Israel bias
  • Brokering historic peace agreements between Israel and Arab-Muslim countries, including the United Arab Emirates, the Kingdom of Bahrain, and Sudan
  • Brokering a deal for Kosovo to normalize ties and establish diplomatic relations with Israel
  • Announcing that Serbia would move its embassy in Israel to Jerusalem
  • Trump was the first American president to address an assembly of leaders from more than 50 Muslim nations, reaching an agreement to fight terrorism in all its forms
  • Establishing the Etidal Center to combat terrorism in the Middle East in conjunction with the Saudi Arabian government
  • Announcing the Vision for Peace Political Plan—a two-state solution that resolves the risks of Palestinian statehood to Israel’s security, marking the first time Israel has agreed to a map and a Palestinian state
  • Releasing an economic plan to empower the Palestinian people and enhance Palestinian governance through historic private investment
  Trump also stood up against Communism and Socialism in the Western Hemisphere.  For Cuba, by:
  • Reversing the previous administration’s disastrous Cuba policy, canceling the sellout deal with the Communist Castro dictatorship.
  • Pledging not to lift sanctions until all political prisoners are freed, freedoms of assembly and expression are respected, all political parties are legalized, and free elections are scheduled. Enacting a new policy aimed at preventing American dollars from funding the Cuban regime, including stricter travel restrictions and restrictions on the importation of Cuban alcohol and tobacco.
  • Implementing a cap on remittances to Cuba
  • Enabling Americans to file lawsuits against persons and entities that traffic in property confiscated by the Cuban regime
For Venezuela, by:
  • Being the first world leader to recognize Juan Guaido as the Interim President of Venezuela and led a diplomatic coalition against the Socialist Dictator of Venezuela, Nicolas Maduro.
  • Blocking all property of the Venezuelan government in the jurisdiction of the United States
  • Cutting off the financial resources of the Maduro regime and sanctioned key sectors of the Venezuelan economy exploited by the regime
  • Bringing criminal charges against Nicolas Maduro for his narco-terrorism.
  For other countries, by the following: 
  • Imposing stiff sanctions on the Ortega regime in Nicaragua
  • Joining together with Mexico and Canada in a successful bid to host the 2026 FIFA World Cup, with 60 matches to be held in the United States
  • Winning a bid to host the 2028 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, California

The Judiciary Trump nominated 226 judges (54 Appeals Court Justices and 174 District Court judges), in addition:

  • Justice Neil Gorsuch-sworn in on April 10, 2017
  • Associate Justice Brett Kavanaugh-sworn in on October 6, 2019
  • Associate Amy Coney Barrett-sworn in on October 26, 2020
  • Of the 226 judges, 55 are female
  • More than a quarter of current active federal judges are now Trump appointees

Border Security/Immigration President Trump kept his promise to build a wall on our southern border between the United States and Mexico. During Trump’s four years, 450 miles of the wall were complete; in addition, illegal crossings plummeted over 87 % in areas where the wall went up. By enforcing America’s immigration laws, President Trump made major gains toward ending the humanitarian crisis at our border; he kept criminals, terrorists, and drugs out of our country; and he protected American workers and taxpayers against job loss and misuse of the welfare system.

    Trump’s Wall secured the Southern Border of the United States
    • Deployed nearly 5,000 troops to the Southern border. In addition, Mexico deployed tens of thousands of their own soldiers and national guardsmen to secure their side of the U.S.–Mexico border
    • Ended the dangerous practice of Catch-and-Release, which means that instead of aliens getting released into the United States pending future hearings never to be seen again, they are detained pending removal, and then ultimately returned to their home countries
    • Entered into three historic asylum cooperation agreements with Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala to stop asylum fraud and resettle illegal migrants in third-party nations pending their asylum applications
    • Entered into a historic partnership with Mexico, referred to as the “Migrant Protection Protocols,” to safely return asylum-seekers to Mexico while awaiting hearings in the United States
    Trump’s administration fully enforced United States Immigration laws:
    • Trump signed an executive order to strip discretionary Federal grant funding from deadly “sanctuary” cities
    • He fully enforced and implemented statutorily authorized “expedited removal” of illegal aliens
    • The Department of Justice (DOJ) prosecuted a record-breaking number of immigration-related crimes
    • Trump used Section 243(d) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) to reduce the number of aliens coming from countries whose governments refuse to accept their nationals who were ordered removed from the United States
    • He ended asylum fraud, shut down human smuggling traffickers, and solved the humanitarian crisis across the Western Hemisphere
    • Suspended, via regulation, asylum for aliens who had skipped previous countries where they were eligible for asylum but opted to “forum shop” and continue to the United States
    • Trump safeguarded migrant families, and protected migrant safety, by promulgating new regulations under the Flores Settlement Agreement
    • Trump proposed regulations to end the practice of giving free work permits to illegal aliens lodging meritless asylum claims
    • He issued “internal relocation” guidance
    • Cross-trained United States Border Patrol agents to conduct credible fear screenings alongside United States Citizenship and Immigration Services adjudication personnel to reduce massive backlogs
    • Trump administration streamlined and expedited the asylum hearing process through both the Prompt Asylum Claim Review (PACR) and the Humanitarian Asylum Review Process (HARP)
    • Launched the Family Fraud Initiative to identify hundreds of individuals who were fraudulently presenting themselves as family units at the border—oftentimes by trafficking children—in order to protect child welfare
    • Improved screening in countries with high overstay rates and reduced visa overstay rates in many of these countries
    • Removed bureaucratic constraints on United States consular officers that reduced their ability to appropriately vet visa applicants
    • Worked with Mexico and other regional partners to dismantle the human smuggling networks in our hemisphere that profit from human misery and fuel the border crisis by exploiting vulnerable populations
    Trump secured our Nation’s immigration system against criminals and terrorists by:
    • Instituting national security travel bans to keep out terrorists, jihadists, and violent extremists, and implemented a uniform security and information-sharing baseline that all nations must meet in order for their nationals to be able to travel and emigrate to the United States
    • Suspending refugee resettlement from the world’s most dangerous and terror-afflicted regions
    • Rebalancing refugee assistance to focus on overseas resettlement and burden-sharing
    • Reducing refugee resettlement by 85 percent
    • Overhauling badly broken refugee security screening process
    • Requiring the Department of State to consult with states and localities as part of the Federal government’s refugee resettlement process
    • Issuing strict sanctions on countries that have failed to take back their own nationals
    • Establishing the National Vetting Center, which is the most advanced and comprehensive visa screening system anywhere in the world
    Trump also protected American workers and taxpayers, he:
    • Issued a comprehensive “public charge” regulation to ensure newcomers to the United States are financially self-sufficient and not reliant on welfare
    • Created an enforcement mechanism for sponsor repayment, deeming to ensure that people who are presenting themselves as sponsors are actually responsible for sponsor obligations
    • Issued regulations to combat the horrendous practice of “birth tourism”
    • Issued a rule with the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to make illegal aliens ineligible for public housing
    • Issued directives requiring Federal agencies to hire United States workers first and prioritize the hiring of United States workers wherever possible
    • Suspended the entry of low-wage workers that threaten American jobs
    • Finalized new H-1B regulations to permanently end the displacement of United States workers and modify the administrative tools that are required for H-1B visa issuance
    • Defended United States sovereignty by withdrawing from the United Nations’ Global Compact on Migration
    • Suspended Employment Authorization Documents for aliens who arrive illegally between ports of entry and are ordered removed from the United States
    • Restored integrity to the use of Temporary Protected Status (TPS) by strictly adhering to the statutory conditions required for TPS

National Security & Defense/Military On President Trump’s watch, the world’s most notorious terrorists were brought to justice; the ISIS territorial caliphate was completely destroyed; and violent, corrupt regimes were held accountable through a mix of sanctions and targeted military action. President Trump rebuilt the United States military after eight years of decline and neglect under the previous Administration. He revitalized our defense industrial base, secured the largest pay raise for our troops in a decade, and created the sixth branch of our Armed Forces: the United States Space Force. President Trump also became the first American leader since Ronald Reagan not to start a war.  

    Rebuilt the military and created the Sixth Branch, the United States Space Force
    • Completely rebuilt the United States military with over $2.2 trillion in defense spending, including $738 billion for 2020
    • Secured three pay raises for our service members and their families, including the largest raise in a decade
    • Established the Space Force, the first new branch of the United States Armed Forces since 1947
    • Modernized and recapitalized our nuclear forces and missile defenses to ensure they continue to serve as a strong deterrent
    • Upgraded our cyber defenses by elevating the Cyber Command into a major warfighting command and reducing burdensome procedural restrictions on cyber operations
    • Vetoed the FY21 National Defense Authorization Act, which failed to protect our national security, disrespected the history of our veterans and military, and contradicted our efforts to put America first
      Defeated terrorists, held leaders accountable for malign actions, and bolstered peace around the world
    • Defeated 100 percent of ISIS’ territorial caliphate in Iraq and Syria
    • Freed nearly 8 million civilians from ISIS’ bloodthirsty control, and liberated Mosul, Raqqa, and the final ISIS foothold of Baghuz
    • Killed the leader of ISIS, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, and eliminated the world’s top terrorist, Qasem Soleimani
    • Created the Terrorist Financing Targeting Center (TFTC) in partnership between the United States and its Gulf partners to combat extremist ideology and threats, and target terrorist financial networks, including over 60 terrorist individuals and entities spanning the globe
    • Twice took decisive military action against the Assad regime in Syria for the barbaric use of chemical weapons against innocent civilians, including a successful 59 Tomahawk cruise missiles strike
    • Authorized sanctions against bad actors tied to Syria’s chemical weapons program
    • Negotiated an extended ceasefire with Turkey in northeast Syria
      Addressed gaps in American’s defense-industrial base, providing much-needed updates to improve the safety of our country
    • Protected America’s defense-industrial base, directing the first whole-of-government assessment of our manufacturing and defense supply chains since the 1950s
    • Trump took decisive steps to secure our information and communications technology and services supply chain, including unsafe mobile applications
    • His administration completed several multi-year nuclear material removal campaigns, securing over 1,000 kilograms of highly enriched uranium and significantly reducing global nuclear threats
    • He signed an executive order directing Federal agencies to work together to diminish the capability of foreign adversaries to target our critical electric infrastructure
    • Established a whole-of-government strategy addressing the threat posed by China’s malign efforts targeting the United States taxpayer-funded research and development ecosystem
    • Advanced missile defense capabilities and regional alliances
    • Trump bolstered the ability of our allies and partners to defend themselves through the sale of military equipment

Deregulation Another promise kept was “Deregulation”

  • Trump cut red tape for Infrastructure Projects
  • He rolled back the 2010 Dodd Frank Act
  • Repealed U.S. Federal Commission internet regulations which were adopted in 2015 known as net neutrality
  • Slashed 2-for-1 Deregulation Plan (2 past regulations to be removed for every new one)

Energy/Environment America’s energy revolution under President Trump produced affordable, reliable energy for customers along with stable, high-paying jobs for small businesses—all while dropping U.S. carbon emissions to their lowest level in 25 years.  The Trump Administration led the United States to become the number one producer of oil in the world while maintaining America’s position as the number one natural gas producer. The year 2019 marked the first time in 67 years that American annual gross energy exports exceeded gross energy imports. To safeguard the environment, President Trump withdrew from the Paris Climate Accord, after which the United States reduced carbon emissions more than any country in the agreement. Under President Trump, the United States continued to lead the world in greenhouse gas emission reductions, cutting energy-related CO2 emissions by 12 percent from 2005 to 2018.

    In addition, during the Trump Administration, Trump unleashed America’s oil and natural gas potential
    • Canceled the previous administration’s Clean Power Plan, and replaced it with the new Affordable Clean Energy rule
    • Approved the Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines
    • Opened up the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in Alaska to oil and gas leasing
    • Repealed the last administration’s Federal Coal Leasing Moratorium, which prohibited coal leasing on Federal lands
    • Reformed permitting rules to eliminate unnecessary bureaucracy and speed approval for mines
    • Fixed the New Source Review permitting program, which punished companies for upgrading or repairing coal power plants
    • Fixed the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) steam electric and coal ash rules
    • The average American family saved $2,500 a year in lower electric bills and lower prices at the gas pump
    • Signed legislation repealing the harmful Stream Protection Rule
    • Reduced the time to approve drilling permits on public lands by half, increasing permit applications to drill on public lands by 300 percent
    • Expedited approval of the NuStar’s New Burgos pipeline to export American gasoline to Mexico
    • Streamlined liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal permitting and allowed long-term LNG export authorizations to be extended through 2050
    • The United States became the top three LNG exporters in the world
    • Increased LNG exports five-fold since January 2017, reaching an all-time high in January 2020
    • LNG exports are expected to reduce the American trade deficit by over $10 billion
    • Granted more than 20 new long-term approvals for LNG exports to non-free trade agreement countries
    • The development of natural gas and LNG infrastructure in the United States is provided tens of thousands of jobs and led to the investment of tens of billions of dollars in infrastructure
    • At the end of Trump term, the U.S. had 6 LNG export facilities operating, with 2 additional export projects under construction
    • The amount of nuclear energy production in 2019 was the highest on record, through a combination of increased capacity from power plant upgrades and shorter refueling and maintenance cycles
    • Prevented Russian energy coercion across Europe through various lines of effort, including the Partnership for Transatlantic Energy Cooperation, civil nuclear deals with Romania and Poland, and opposition to the Nord Stream 2 pipeline
    • Issued the Presidential Permit for the A2A railroad between Canada and Alaska, providing energy resources to emerging markets
    Increased access to our country’s abundant natural resources in order to achieve energy independence
    • Renewable energy production and consumption both reached record highs in 2019
    • Enacted policies that helped double the amount of electricity generated by solar and helped increase the amount of wind generation by 32 percent from 2016 through 2019
    • Accelerated construction of energy infrastructure to ensure American energy producers can deliver their products to market
    • Cut red tape holding back the construction of new energy infrastructure
    • Authorized ethanol producers to sell E15 year-round and allowed higher-ethanol gasoline to be distributed from existing pumps at filling stations
    • Ensured greater transparency and certainty in the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program
    • Negotiated leasing capacity in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve to Australia, providing American taxpayers a return on this infrastructure investment
    • Signed an executive order directing Federal agencies to work together to diminish the capability of foreign adversaries to target our critical electric infrastructure
    • Reformed Section 401 of the Clean Water Act regulation to allow for the curation of interstate infrastructure
    • Resolved the OPEC oil crisis during COVID-19 by getting OPEC, Russia, and others to cut nearly 10 million barrels of production a day, stabilizing world oil prices
    • Directed the Department of Energy to use the Strategic Petroleum Reserve to mitigate the market volatility caused by COVID-19
        Trump took strong action to protect the environment and ensure clean air and clean water
    • Trump took action to protect vulnerable Americans from being exposed to lead and copper in drinking water and finalized a rule protecting children from lead-based paint hazards
    • Invested over $38 billion in clean water infrastructure
    • In 2019, America achieved the largest decline in carbon emissions of any country on Earth. Since withdrawing from the Paris Climate Accord, the United States has reduced carbon emissions more than any nation
    • American levels of particulate matter—one of the main measures of air pollution—are approximately five times lower than the global average
    • Between 2017 and 2019, the air became 7 percent cleaner—indicated by a steep drop in the combined emissions of criteria pollutants
    • Led the world in greenhouse gas emissions reductions, having cut energy-related CO2 emissions by 12 percent from 2005 to 2018—while the rest of the world increased emissions by 24 percent
    • In FY 2019 the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) cleaned up more major pollution sites than any year in nearly two decades
    • The EPA delivered $300 million in Brownfields grants directly to communities most in need, including investment in 118 Opportunity Zones
    • Placed a moratorium on offshore drilling off the coasts of Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Florida
    • Restored public access to Federal land at Bears Ears National Monument and Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument
    • Recovered more endangered or threatened species than any other administration in its first term

In addition to the accomplishments listed above, Trump took significant action on issues of concern to social conservatives in Life, Family and Religious Freedoms.  The following achievements are a summary of Trump’s accomplishments in this area:

    In 2017:
    • Protecting Life in Global Health Assistance Program which covered $8.8 billion in family planning and global health funds that to organizations abroad (none of whom may perform or promote abortions)
    • Rescinded President Obama’s guidance that required public schools to allow transgender students to use the bathrooms of their choice.
    • Executive Order Promoting Free speech and Religious Liberty (known as the “Religious Liberty Order”)
    • Because Obama’s Department of Defense (DOD) policy which allowed military personnel to serve even if they openly self-identified as transgender, Trump announced changes because a DOD study found this policy to be detrimental to military readiness. (went into effect in April 2019
    • Department of Justice (DOJ) issued guidance and an implementing memo to all federal agencies explaining religious freedom law and how religious liberty must be protected.
    In 2018:
    • Created in the Health and Human Services (HHS), a new division called Conscience and Religious Freedom Division. This new division was established to enforce federal laws that protect conscience rights and religious freedom.
    • Sam Brownback was confirmed as U.S. Ambassador-at-Large for International Religious Freedom
    • The State Department held the first-ever Ministerial to Advance Religious Freedom. Political and civil society leaders from around the gathered in Washington, D.C. for a three-day summit to discuss freedom issues and solutions.  The attendees issues the Potomac Declaration, it made a strong statement about the state of religious freedom around the globe and provided a plan of action for promoting global religious freedom.
    • Trump relied on Executive Order 13818 to sanction two Turkish officials over the detention of American pastor Andrew Brunson due to his Christian faith; this resulted in his release.
    • HHS finalized its two regulations to protect conscience and religious liberty from long-running problems with the Obamacare “HHS” contraceptive mandate. These regulations too effect on January 14, 2019.
    In 2019:
    • HHE notified California that its law requiring pregnancy resources centers to post notices about how to obtain an abortion violated the pro-life Weldon and Coates-Snows Amendments.
    • At the request of 169 members of Congress and 49 senators, President Trump send a letter to House Speaker Nancy Pelosi in which he promised to veto any legislation the weakens current pro-life Federal policies and laws.
    • After an extensive audit into fetal tissue research, the Trump administration announced a major change in the enforcement of research contracts. HHS would no longer conduct intramural (internal) safeguards that govern extramural (external) fetal tissue research contracts.  All new contracts will be subject to a congressionally authorized ethics advisory board, making it more difficult for fetal tissue research contracts to be awarded by National Institute of Health (NIH).
    • State Department placed targeted sanctions on Burmese military officials for their human rights and religious freedom violations committed against Rohingya Muslim population.
    • Department of Commerce blacklisted 28 Chinese companies whose surveillance technology products were used to systematically oppress and control and violate religious freedom.
    • HHS issued a rule removing burdensome requirements that all grantees, including those that are faith-based, must accept same-sex marriage and process gender identity as valid in order to be eligible to participate in grant programs.
    In 2020:
    • White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB) sent a memo to the heads of executive departments and agencies providing guidance on Executive Order (EO) 13798, “Promoting Free Speech and Religious Liberty”. In order to protect the ability of religious organizations to operate in the public square, this memo required the agencies to review the EO and publish policies on how they will comply.
    • The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services at HHS approved a family planning waiver for Texas to implement a state-run Medicaid program that excludes abortion providers like Planned Parenthood.
    • President Trump became the first sitting president to give remarks, in person, at the annual March for Life in Washington D.C. He stated in the speech the eternal truth that each child is a sacred gift from God and reiterated his effort to defend the dignity and sanctity of every human life.
    • After the COVID19 Pandemic, the Small Business Administration (SBA) issued a FAX document confirming that the churches and religious nonprofits are eligible are assistance like the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) in the CARES Act.

In conclusion, Donald J. Trump defines the American success story. Throughout his life he has continually set the standards of business and entrepreneurial excellence, especially in real estate, sports, and entertainment. Mr. Trump built on his success in private life when he entered into politics and public service. He remarkably won the Presidency in his first ever run for any political office, and all the promises he made, he kept.

Things you may not know about President Trump:

1) Trump joined Ronald Reagan as the two U.S. presidents with stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
2) Trump doesn’t drink alcohol.
3) Trump is of German and Scottish ancestry.
4) The Secret Service, tasked with the president’s security, gives nicknames to designate the president, as well as, each member of his family.  President Trump’s nickname is Mogul.  The first lady’s nickname is Muse, and Ivanka Trump, the President’s daughter’s nickname is Marvel.
5) Trump’s favorite movie is, “Citizen Kane”.
6) Trump has never smoked cigarettes, drank alcohol or done drugs.
7) Trump is the only presidential candidate with his own board game, entitled Trump: The Game. The monopoly-like game launched in 1989.
8) Trump had a cameo role in Home Alone 2: Lost in New York


Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses S. Grant was born on April 27, 1882, in Point Pleasant, Ohio. Young Grant possessed an exceptional ability with horses, which served him well through his military career. He was admitted to West Point and was considered its best horseman. He graduated in 1843. Grant also served with distinction in the Mexican-American War. Grant was the 18th President. When he took office on March 4, 1869, there were high hopes that he would set the country to rights and end the bitterness that reigned after the Civil War. Grant proved himself during the Civil War; he was a capable leader in Lincoln’s army. Lincoln said of Grant, ‘ I can’t spare this man – he fights”.

Grant was elected the 18th President in the 1868 election on the ticket fielded by the Radical Republicans. Although he was honest, his administration was riddled with corruption. Unfortunately, Grant’s second term got off to a bad start. The Credit Mobilier scandal broke, and several Congressmen were implicated in this scheme to enrich the Union Pacific Railroad. Then the panic of 1873 brought financial hardship to much of the nation, and disclosures of dishonesty at the very top levels of government continued.

In his retirement, Grant was the first president to circumnavigate the world on his tour, meeting with many foreign leaders. In 1880, Grant was unsuccessful in obtaining the Republican presidential nomination for a third term. Grant’s unfortunate experience with dishonest men seemed to follow him wherever he went. Swindled out of much that he owned by a New York brokerage firm, he was persuaded to write his memoirs to pay off debts and save his family from insolvency. He finished the massive work shortly before he died, and the book netted the family nearly a half-million dollars. It remains one of the greatest war commentaries of all time.

Five things you may not know about President Grant:

1) He struggled with alcohol his entire life.
2) Grant was supposed to be at the theater with Lincoln the night Lincoln was assassinated.
3) He was responsible for dismantling the KKK during Reconstruction.
4) Mark Twain published Grant’s Memoirs.
5) The “S” in Grant’s name didn’t stand for anything. Grant’s given name was actually Hiram Ulysses Grant. His phantom middle initial is the result of an error from Ohio Congressman Thomas Hamer, who accidentally wrote the future general’s name as “Ulysses S. Grant” when he nominated him to attend West Point.


Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President and the first Republican.  His Term of Office began on March 4, 1861 and ended on April 15, 1865.  His rise to power is one the enduring stories of our American history.  He was born February 12, 1809 into poverty in a one room log cabin in Sinking Springs Farm, Kentucky.

Lincoln lacked formal schooling but he was an avid reader and educated himself.  Family, neighbors, and schoolmates recalled that his reading included the King James Bible, Shakespeare, Aesop’s Fables, John Bunyan’s The Pilgrim’s Progress, Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe, and The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin.  An accomplished and respected politician and lawyer, he ran for a US Senate seat against Stephen Douglas in 1858.  Although he lost, he won a national reputation for a series of inspiring debates.  Two years later, he defeated Douglas to become the first Republican President.

The Civil War against the Confederate States of America began on April 12, 1861, so Lincoln’s Presidency was shaped by the war.  He vowed to preserve the Union and abolish slavery.  His greatest achievements included the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, which freed the slaves, and the Gettysburg Address, commemorating those who died in the Civil War. This is depicted in the movie, Lincoln in 2012.  An American biographical historical drama film directed and produced by Steven Spielberg, starring Daniel Day-Lewis as United States President Abraham Lincoln.

Lincoln won reelection in 1864, but on April 14, 1865, just five days after victory in the War, he was shot while attending a play in Washington, D. C.  That same night, while Lincoln’s son Tad is watching Aladdin and the Wonderful Lamp at Grover’s Theatre, the manager suddenly stopped the play to announce that the President has been shot. The next morning, April 15th,  Lincoln died at the Petersen House; and Secretary of War Edwin Stanton declares, “Now he belongs to the ages”.  Abraham Lincoln’s last words:  “We will visit the Holy Land, and see those places hallowed by the footsteps of the Savior. There is no city on earth I so much desire to see as Jerusalem.”

Five things you may not know about President Lincoln:

1) He was an accomplished wrestler as a young man.  This earned him an “Outstanding American” Honor from the National Wrestling Hall of Fame.
2) Lincoln created the Secret Service hours before his assassination; however, it was not until 1901 and the killing of 2 other Presidents that the Secret Service was formally assigned to protect the Commander-in-Chief.
3)  Lincoln is the only US President to obtain a patent. He designed a method for keeping vessels afloat when traversing shallow waters through the use of empty metal chambers attached to their sides.  (Patent No. 6,469 in 1849).
4) John Wilkes Booth’s brother, Edwin, saved the life of Lincoln’s oldest son, Robert Todd Lincoln by pulling his coat collar so that Todd would not fall from a train platform.
5) Lincoln never slept in the White House’s Lincoln Bedroom.  He used it for his office.


William McKinley


William McKinley was the 25th President and one of the most accessible men ever to hold the office of President. His Term of Office was from March 4, 1897, to September 14, 1901. He was noted for his unfailing courtesy and common sense approach to problem-solving, and his sympathetic manner won him many friends. Therefore, it was ironic that this well-like gentleman should become the third President in history to be assassinated.

He was born on January 29, 1843, in Niles, Ohio. McKinley attended Allegheny College for a short time but left because of illness. After serving gallantly in the Union Army during the Civil War, he studied law in New York and Ohio and was admitted to the Ohio bar. Settling in Canton, he established a successful
law practice and became active in Republican Party Politics. He served 14 years as a US Congressman and two terms as Governor of Ohio before running for President in 1896.

After the Presidential election, foreign policy became the nation’s chief preoccupation. Following the mysterious destruction of the battleship Maine in Havana harbor, McKinley delivered a half-hearted war message to Congress, which promptly declared war on Spain. During his presidency, McKinley led the nation to victory in the Spanish-American War, raised protective tariffs to promote American industry,
and kept the nation on the gold standard in a rejection of the expansionary monetary policy of free silver. McKinley won the second election by an even larger margin than the first. On September 6, 1901, six months into his second term, William McKinley was shot on the grounds of the Pan-American
Exposition at the Temple of Music in Buffalo, New York. He was shaking hands with the public when anarchist Leon Czolgosz shot him twice in the abdomen. He died eight days later, on September 14th, and was buried in Ohio amidst widespread mourning.

Three things you may not know about President McKinley:

1) His face is on the $500 bill.
2) He had a parrot named “Washington Post.”
3) On July 7, 1898, President William McKinley signed a bill that annexed the Hawaiian Islands, making them part of the United States.